Persian rugs play a huge part in Persian art and culture; traditionally they are widely one of the most valued possessions in the Iranian home. One of the extraordinary features of these rugs are that each are unique and distinguished.
Generally the names of the rugs are derived from the village name of where it originated from. There are four usual patterns used on the rugs – a pattern spanning the whole of the rug, a central medallion design, a compartment pattern and finally a one-sided alternative. The majority of these rugs are made from wool, but there are also silk varieties available.
The weaving of Persian rugs is a complex process, which can take from months to years to complete this delicate art. Persian rugs consist of a layout and a design, with the design containing distinct motifs, with each motif encompassing a unique meaning. The majority of Persian rugs contain two basic knots – a symmetrical Turkish knot and an asymmetrical Persian knot, with the Persian knot used for finer rugs.