Indian rugs are known for simple and luxurious designs. Rugs were introduced in India by Mughal rulers of India in the 16th Century. Since then rug weaving is like tradition in certain parts of India like Kashmir, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Karnataka.
Most of the famous designs are carried forwards from early 19th century with small floral and natural motifs on overall layout filled with plants, palettes, rosettes in very detail manner.
The colour combinations used in these rugs suits with western ambience. The brownish red is dominant shade in most Indian rugs and contrast is made with burnt orange, different shades of green. Some designs of Indian rugs are quite similar to Persian rugs. Persian style work can be found in North India. Kashmir is main hub for rug weaving and designing. The special technique used for weaving known as ‘Talim’. Kashmiri rugs are directly influenced by Persian designs since Mughal times. The all these designs have got Persian names such as Kirman, Kashan, Meshad, Ardabil, Qum, etc. Each name represent a unique design such as floral themes, tree of life design, hand knotted, asymmetrical knotting.
During summers, heavy rugs are replaced by light and cool ‘durries’. These Indian light- weight rugs are mostly made of cotton but woollen fabric. The handmade ‘durries’ of Rajasthan is known as ‘Panja’ because of its unique design. Most of the designs of Indian Durries are similar to Native American ‘Navajos’ pattern. The colours used in these rugs are usually pastel shades with geometrical and floral designs. Overall most of the Indian rugs are woven with Woollen, or made with Goat hair or camel hair.